Long is a political and organizational sociologist with research interests in the evolution of transnational institutions and their impact on existing forms of domination and resistance. She examines how transnational AIDS institutions shape domestic politics of public health. Long is working on a book called “Side Effects: The Transnational Doing and Undoing of AIDS Politics in China.” It highlights the unintended consequences of external interventions that resulted in strengthened state apparatus, and expanded mobilization for urban gay males but demobilization for other communities such as female sex workers and infected peasants. Her research also focuses on how macro-level changes in medical care policies affect the concepts of disease, illness, and sickness in organizing certain interventions/treatment behaviors of individuals. She is also developing a new digital humanities project, Archiving Chinese Grassroots NGOs. By exploring innovative research methods to track longitudinal data from 1995-2020, she will compare organizational landscapes and networks of NGO sectors as health, gender, and environmental ones in China.